Ayurveda, the traditional Indian science of healing,1 is based on several fundamental principles that form the basis of its philosophy and practices. 

These principles provide a holistic framework for understanding the human body, its imbalances, and the methods to restore balance and promote optimal health.2

Ayurveda emphasizes a personalized approach to health and wellness, taking into account an individual’s unique constitution, lifestyle, and causative factors in order to develop a tailored treatment plan.3


Tridosha, Vata, Pitta & Kapha Dashas in Ayurveda
Dosha refers to a bodily humor (or bio-energy center) in Ayurvedic medicine. The term comes from the Sanskrit dosa, meaning “fault” or “disease.”

Ayurveda recognizes the presence of three fundamental bio-energetic forces called doshas – Vata, Pitta, and Kapha – which govern all physiological and psychological processes in the body.4 Understanding an individual’s unique dosha constitution and addressing any imbalances in the doshas is a fundamental aspect of Ayurvedic diagnosis and treatment.5


Ayurveda views the universe, including the human body, as composed of five basic elements or Panchamahabhutas – ether (space), air, fire, water, and earth.6 These elements combine in various ways to form the doshas and other aspects of the physical body.


Prakriti refers to an individual’s inherent, unique physical and mental constitution, which is determined at the time of conception and remains relatively stable throughout their lifetime.8 Understanding an individual’s prakriti helps in tailoring Ayurvedic treatments to their specific needs.9

Tridosha Balance

Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of maintaining a balance among the doshas for optimal health. Imbalances in the doshas are believed to be the root cause of diseases and health issues, and Ayurvedic treatments aim to restore the balance among the doshas.7

Ahara (diet) and Vihara (lifestyle)

Ayurveda considers diet and a lifestyle as crucial factors in maintaining health and well-being. It emphasizes the use of wholesome, fresh, and natural foods, proper food combining, and eating according to one’s dosha constitution. Lifestyle practices such as daily routines, exercise, stress management, and adequate rest are also considered important for optimal health.

Also Read: Amazing Health benefits of Fennnel, Fenugreek and Cinnamon

Dhatu (tissues) and Malas (wastes)

Ayurveda recognizes that the body is composed of seven dhatus (tissues) – rasa (plasma), rakta (blood), mamsa (muscle), meda (fat), asthi (bone), majja (marrow), and shukra (reproductive tissues). Proper nourishment and maintenance of these dhatus, as well as the elimination of wastes or malas (such as urine, feces, sweat), are considered crucial for maintaining health.

Prakopa (causative factors)

Ayurveda identifies various causative factors that can disturb the balance of doshas and contribute to disease, including improper diet, lifestyle, emotions, stress, environmental factors, and genetic predisposition. Identifying and addressing these causative factors is an important aspect of Ayurvedic treatment.

Nidana (diagnosis)

Ayurveda uses a comprehensive approach to diagnosis that includes understanding an individual’s prakriti, dosha imbalances, assessing the state of dhatus and malas, and evaluating the causative factors. This holistic approach helps in identifying the root cause of the disease and developing an appropriate treatment plan.

Herbal Remedies

Ayurveda uses a wide range of medicinal herbs, plants, minerals, and other natural substances to restore balance in the doshas and promote healing. These herbal remedies are often formulated based on an individual’s prakriti and dosha imbalances.10

Also Read: Most Powerful Ayurvedic Herbs and Their Health Benefits

Yoga, Meditation, and other Therapies

Ayurveda includes various therapeutic practices such as yoga, meditation, pranayama (breathing exercises), abhyanga (oil massage), shirodhara (oil pouring on the forehead), and other detoxification techniques (such as Panchakarma) to promote physical, mental, and emotional well-being.


Ayurveda places a strong emphasis on preventive healthcare. It aims to identify and address imbalances in the doshas and other factors before they manifest as diseases. Lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, and regular detoxification techniques are considered essential for maintaining health and preventing diseases.

Check out Addiction Killer our exclusive Ayurvedic medicine for alcohol deaddiction

Mind-Body Connection

Ayurveda recognizes the intimate connection between the mind and body. Emotional and mental factors are considered significant in the development and management of diseases. Ayurvedic treatments often include techniques to balance the mind and emotions, such as meditation, yoga, and stress management practices.

Holistic Approach

Ayurveda views the body as a whole, integrated system rather than focusing on isolated symptoms or organs. It considers the interconnectedness of various physiological processes and the impact of external factors on overall health. Ayurvedic treatments address the root cause of the disease, rather than just managing symptoms which is one of the reasons it is believed that it can even cure chronic diseases such as piles, diabetes and arthritis.

Natural and Sustainable Approach

Ayurveda promotes the use of natural remedies and techniques that are sustainable for long-term health. Herbal remedies, dietary changes, and lifestyle modifications are usually safe and do not have harmful side effects. Ayurveda also emphasizes the importance of living in harmony with nature and aligning our lifestyle with natural rhythms.

Individualized Approach

Ayurveda recognizes that each person is unique and has their own unique constitution, imbalances, and needs. Ayurvedic treatments are tailored to the individual, considering their prakriti, dosha imbalances, and other factors, to provide personalized care.

Long-term Health Goals

Ayurveda focuses on achieving long-term health and wellness rather than just temporary relief from symptoms. It aims to address the root cause of the disease and restore balance in the body, mind, and spirit to promote overall well-being.

Integration of Lifestyle Practices

Ayurveda emphasizes the integration of healthy lifestyle practices into daily routine for maintaining optimal health. This includes proper diet, exercise, sleep, stress management, and other lifestyle modifications that promote well-being and prevent diseases.

Also Read: benefits of Ayurvedic Superfoods Shilajit, Triphala and Ashwagandha

Time-tested Wisdom

Ayurveda is an ancient system of medicine with a history spanning thousands of years. It has been time-tested and refined over generations, with a wealth of knowledge and experience accumulated over time.

Complementary Approach

Ayurveda can be used in conjunction with modern medicine as a complementary approach. It can be integrated with conventional medical treatments to provide a holistic approach to health and wellness.

These are some of the fundamental principles of Ayurveda that make it a unique and holistic approach to healing and promoting optimal health. It emphasizes the importance of understanding the individual as a whole, integrating natural remedies and lifestyle practices, and preventing diseases rather than just managing symptoms.

Also Read: Amazing Health Benefits of Tulsi (Holy Basil): Queen of Ayurvedic Herbs

Citations & References

1. Jaiswal YS, Williams LL. A glimpse of Ayurveda – The forgotten history and principles of Indian traditional medicine. J Tradit Complement Med. 2016 Feb 28;7(1):50-53. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2016.02.002. PMID: 28053888; PMCID: PMC5198827.
2. Sharma H, Keith Wallace R. Ayurveda and Epigenetics. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020 Dec 11;56(12):687. doi: 10.3390/medicina56120687. PMID: 33322263; PMCID: PMC7763202.
3. Mukherjee PK, Harwansh RK, Bahadur S, Banerjee S, Kar A, Chanda J, Biswas S, Ahmmed SM, Katiyar CK. Development of Ayurveda – Tradition to trend. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017 Feb 2;197:10-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.09.024. Epub 2016 Sep 12. PMID: 27633405.
4. Travis FT, Wallace RK. Dosha brain-types: A neural model of individual differences. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2015 Oct-Dec;6(4):280-5. doi: 10.4103/0975-9476.172385. PMID: 26834428; PMCID: PMC4719489.
5. Prasher B, Negi S, Aggarwal S, Mandal AK, Sethi TP, Deshmukh SR, Purohit SG, Sengupta S, Khanna S, Mohammad F, Garg G, Brahmachari SK; Indian Genome Variation Consortium; Mukerji M. Whole genome expression and biochemical correlates of extreme constitutional types defined in Ayurveda. J Transl Med. 2008 Sep 9;6:48. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-6-48. PMID: 18782426; PMCID: PMC2562368.
6. Rastogi S. Building bridges between Ayurveda and Modern Science. Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jan;1(1):41-6. doi: 10.4103/0974-7788.59943. PMID: 20532097; PMCID: PMC2876924.
7. Pal M. The tridosha theory. Anc Sci Life. 1991 Jan;10(3):144-55. PMID: 22556525; PMCID: PMC3331283.
8. Dey S, Pahwa P. Prakriti and its associations with metabolism, chronic diseases, and genotypes: Possibilities of new born screening and a lifetime of personalized prevention. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2014 Jan;5(1):15-24. doi: 10.4103/0975-9476.128848. PMID: 24812471; PMCID: PMC4012357.
9. Chatterjee B, Pancholi J. Prakriti-based medicine: A step towards personalized medicine. Ayu. 2011 Apr;32(2):141-6. doi: 10.4103/0974-8520.92539. PMID: 22408293; PMCID: PMC3296331.
10. Ayurvedic Medicine: In Depth – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: National Institutes of Health